Applied mathematical science involves the use of analytical and computational mathematics to solve real-world problems. Its core is comprised of modeling, analysis and scientific computing. Using that core, applied mathematical scientists study a broad spectrum of problems across several disciplines.

In fact, applied mathematicians are connected more closely through their shared approach and attitude toward interdisciplinary research rather than a shared interest in any particular set of problems. Moreover, an explicit goal of applied mathematical science is to contribute significantly to another discipline. Hence, the objective of applied mathematics is to foster interdisciplinary research and education.

Research and education in applied mathematical science involves four stages:

- Find an interesting problem that may benefit from mathematical analysis.
- Develop an abstract model (i.e., a "mathematical model") that describes salient features of the problem.
- Apply existing analytical and computational methods or developing new methods to solve the mathematical model.
- Determine what insight the mathematical model has provided to the original problem.

Applied mathematicians are inherently interdisciplinary. As mentioned above, applied mathematicians are connected closely through their shared approach toward interdisciplinary research. They are individuals who are well trained in the development of mathematical models for real-world problems, and the modern analytical and computational tools to solve them. A strong group of applied mathematicians can be a great asset to any number of scientific and engineering programs within the university where they can provide the theoretical/quantitative support or foundation.